5 Common Prescription Medications And Their Side Effects
Side effects: While generally considered safe when used as directed, high doses or prolonged use of acetaminophen can lead to liver damage. It is important to adhere to the recommended dosage and avoid combining acetaminophen with other medications containing it.
Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin):
Side effects: Ibuprofen belongs to a class of medications called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Common side effects include stomach pain, heartburn, nausea, and dizziness. Prolonged or excessive use can lead to stomach ulcers, bleeding, and an increased risk of cardiovascular events.
Side effects: Sertraline is an antidepressant medication known as a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). Common side effects may include nausea, diarrhea, drowsiness, insomnia, and sexual dysfunction. In rare cases, sertraline can lead to serotonin syndrome, characterized by agitation, confusion, rapid heartbeat, and high fever.
Side effects: Atorvastatin is a medication used to lower cholesterol levels. Common side effects include muscle pain, weakness, and digestive issues such as nausea and diarrhea. In rare cases, atorvastatin can cause liver damage or a severe muscle condition called rhabdomyolysis.
Side effects: Metformin is an oral medication commonly prescribed for type 2 diabetes. Common side effects include gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, diarrhea, and stomach upset. In rare cases, metformin can cause a serious condition called lactic acidosis, characterized by muscle pain, weakness, and difficulty breathing.
It is important to note that the side effects mentioned above are not exhaustive, and individual experiences may vary. Additionally, the severity and likelihood of side effects can depend on factors such as dosage, duration of use, and an individual’s specific health condition. It is recommended to consult with a healthcare professional or pharmacist for comprehensive information about specific medications and their potential side effects.